SQL Apprentice Question
I want my application to audit any data changes (update, insert,
delete) made by the users. Rather than have an audit table mirroring
each user table, I'd prefer to have a generic structure which can log
anything. This is what I've come up with:
*audit_record_id (uniqueidentifier, auto-assign, PK) - unique
idenfiier of the audit record
table_name (varchar) - name of the table where the action (insert/
update/delete) was made
pk_value (varchar) - primary key of the changed record. If the PK
itself has changed, this will store the old value.
user_id (varchar) - user who changed the record
date (datetime) - date/time at which the change was made
action (int) - 0, 1 or 2 (insert, update, delete)
*audit_record_id (uniqueidentifier, composite PK) - FK to
*column_name (varchar, composite PK) - name of the column with changed
new_value (text?) - value after the change
So every column which changes has its new value logged individually in
the audit_column table. However, I'm not sure what data type the
new_value column should have. The obvious answer (to me) is text, as
that can handle any necessary data type with the appropriate
conversion (we don't store any binary data). However, this table is
going to grow to millions of records and I'm not sure what the
performance implications of a text column will be, particularly given
that the actual data stored in it will almost always be tiny.
Any thoughts/recommendations/criticism would be greatly appreciated.
>> I want my application to audit any data changes (update, insert, delete) made by the users. Rather than have an audit table mirroring each user table, I'd prefer to have a generic structure which can log anything. <<
Any chance you might post DDL instead of your personal pseudo-code?
And I hope you know that auto-numbering is not a relational key.
Finally, Google "EAV design flaw" for tens of thousands of words on
why this approach stinks. There is no such magical shape shifting
table in RDBMS. Data Versus metadata, etc.? Freshman database
course, 3rd week of the quarter?
While you might like this kludge your accountants and auditors will
not. NEVER keep audit trails on the same database or even the same
hardware as the database.
>> Any thoughts/recommendations/criticism would be greatly appreciated. <<
Look at third party tools that follow the law and get a basic dat